Sleep is defined as a state of unconsciousness where a person can be awakened by stimulation. In this state, the brain is relatively more responsive to internal stimuli than external stimuli. In the past, sleep was considered a passive state. However, sleep is now known as a dynamic process and our brain is active during sleep.
Sleep affects our physical and mental health and is very important for the functioning of our overall body system normally, including the immune system. The effects of sleep on the immune system affect a person’s ability to fight disease and get sick. Here are the reasons why you should have good quality sleep!
Better Concentration And Good Productivity
Sleep is important for almost all aspects of brain function. This includes cognition, concentration, productivity, and performance. All of these are negatively affected by sleep deprivation.
People with more working hours have more serious medical errors than people on normal working hours that allowed more sleep. On the other hand, good sleep has been shown to improve problem-solving skills and enhance memory performance of both children and adults.
Mental health problems, such as depression, are strongly linked to poor sleep quality and sleeping disorders. It’s been estimated that 90% of people with depression complain about sleep quality.
Poor sleep is even associated with an increased risk of death by suicide. Those with sleeping disorders like insomnia or obstructive sleep apnea also report significantly higher rates of depression than those without.
Prevent Heart Attack
Sleep quality and duration can have a great effect on many health risk factors. These are the factors believed to drive chronic diseases, including heart disease. A review of 15 studies found that people who don’t get enough sleep are at far greater risk of heart disease or stroke than those who sleep 7–8 hours per night
Control Body Weight
Sleep affects the body in processing and storing carbohydrates. You do this by keeping the hormones that make us feel hungry (ghrelin) or full (leptin) stay balanced.
If we don’t get enough sleep, the hormone ghrelin will go up while the hormone leptin will go down. As a result, we will feel hungry. That is the reason getting enough sleep can be one way to slimming the body naturally.
Tend To Consume Fewer Calories
Individuals who sleep-deprived have a bigger appetite and tend to eat more calories. Sleep deprivation disrupts the daily fluctuations in appetite hormones and is believed to cause poor appetite regulation.
This includes higher levels of ghrelin, the hormone that stimulates appetite, and reduced levels of leptin, the hormone that suppresses appetite. For those who want to maintain weight gain, you are suggested to avoid sleep late at night.
In order to get the various benefits of sleep, do not forget to sleep according to the recommended number of hours. For adults it is recommended to sleep 7-9 hours a day, teenagers 14-17 years 8-10 hours/day, children aged 6-13 years 9-11 hours/day, and toddlers aged 3-5 years 10-13 hours/day.